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Owing to the lack of any technology for doing so, the moving images and sounds could not be recorded for replaying as with film.The magic lantern, probably created by Christiaan Huygens in the 1650s, could be used to project animation, which was achieved by various types of mechanical slides.A film, also called a movie, motion picture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.(See the glossary of motion picture terms.) This optical illusion causes the audience to perceive continuous motion between separate objects viewed in rapid succession.Each sequence was limited to a small number of drawings, usually twelve, so it could only show endlessly repeating cyclical motions.
The perception of motion is due to a psychological effect called the phi phenomenon.In early years, the word sheet was sometimes used instead of screen.The Berlin Wintergarten theatre was the site of the first cinema ever, with a short film presented by the Skladanowsky brothers on 1 November 1895.(Pictured here is a variety show at the theater in July 1940.) Preceding film in origin by thousands of years, early plays and dances had elements common to film: scripts, sets, costumes, production, direction, actors, audiences, storyboards and scores.Much terminology later used in film theory and criticism apply, such as mise en scène (roughly, the entire visual picture at any one time).